Historie Podcasts

HMS Malaya

HMS Malaya

HMS Malaya forlader havnen i New York

HMS Malaya forlader havnen i New York.


HMS Malaya (BB-6)

Af Stephen Sherman, juni, 2007. Opdateret 1. marts 2012.

H MS Malaya var et slagskib af Royal Navy i dronning Elizabeth, der blev lanceret i marts 1915. Hun blev navngivet til ære for de fødererede malaysiske stater, hvis regering betalte for hendes konstruktion.

Bygget af: Armstrong (Newcastle-on-Tyne)
Bestilt: 1913
Fastlagt: 20. oktober 1913
Lanceret: 18. mar, 1915
Ibrugtagning: 1. februar 1916
Komplement: 1.124 til 1300 ca.
Bevæbning: otte 15-tommer kanoner, tolv 6-tommer kanoner, otte 4-tommer A.A kanoner, seksten 2-pdr AA kanoner og 1 fly.
Hastighed: 24 knob,
Deplacement: 31.100 tons.

Slaget ved Jylland 1916

Skød 215 15-in runder. Modtog 7 12-tommer hits og opretholdt 63 dræbte og 68 sårede.
24. juni 1916 meldte sig igen ind i Grand Fleet efter reparationer.


Genopbygget to gange mellem krige. Sidstnævnte genopbygning så tilføjelsen af ​​en ny bøjle og fast katapult agter for tragten, to kraner blev leveret til at understøtte flyets bevægelse. De enkelte 4 "AA-pistolbeslag blev erstattet af to mounts. To 8-tønde pom pom'er blev leveret, og to quad 0.5" maskingeværer blev monteret på X-tårn. To HA DCT (High Angle Director Control Tower) blev monteret for at understøtte de nye luftværnskanoner.

Efter krigens begyndelse blev der monteret en ny luftadvarslerradar, en overfladeradar og en Type HA (High Angle) radar. Nogle 20 ekstra 20 mm Oerlikon -kanoner blev tilføjet.

Anden Verdenskrig

17. august, 1940 - Tidligt om morgenen de britiske slagskibe HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher), HMS Malaya (Capt. A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Kaptajn H.T. Baillie-Grohman) og andre bombarderede de italienske stillinger omkring fæstningen Bardia.

Operation MB -6 - 8. oktober 1940

En britisk konvoj med fire købmænd forlod Alexandria til Malta den 8. oktober 1940. Denne konvoj blev eskorteret af to britiske luftfartøjskrydsere, tre australske destroyere HMS Stuartog en britisk destroyer.

Dækning blev leveret af Middelhavsflåden (under admiral Cunningham) med de britiske slagskibe HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher), HMS Tapper (Capt. H.B. Rawlings), HMS Malaya (Capt. A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Capt. H.T. Baillie-Grohman), det britiske hangarskib HMS Illustreret (Capt. D.W. Boyd) og andre britiske og australske krigsskibe.

Konvojen blev ikke opdaget og ankom sikkert til Malta den 11. oktober. Den eneste skade, der blev påført, var ødelæggeren HMS Kejserlig der blev udvundet fra Malta og var ude af drift i over 6 måneder.

Mens den var på returrejsen, blev Middelhavsflåden observeret af et italiensk fly. Den italienske flåde forsøgte at opfange dem i Det Ioniske Hav. Om natten den 11./12. Oktober angreb italienske torpedobåde og destroyerflotiller, men blev slået tilbage med store tab.

Britisk angreb på Genova - 6. februar 1941

Force H (under viceadmiral Somerville) forlod Gibraltar den 6. februar 1941. Slagkrydseren HMS Berømt (Capt R.R. McGrigor), slagskib HMS Malaya (Capt. A.F.E. Palliser), hangarskib HMS Ark Royal (Capt. C.S. Holland), og andre skibe forlod Gibraltar mod vest med konvoj HG-53. Dette blev gjort for at narre tyske og italienske observatører i Spanien. I mellemtiden forlod 4 destroyere Gibraltar og dampede mod øst for at foretage en anti-ubådsfejning. I løbet af natten vendte Force H kursen og passerede Gibraltar på en vestlig kurs tilbage i Middelhavet. Der fik de selskab af de 4 destroyere.

Den 8. februar forlod den italienske flåde havn og dampede sydpå, efter at de havde modtaget rapporter om britiske luftfartøjsfly syd for Balearerne. Italienerne troede, at der var en anden konvoj til Malta.

Tidligt om morgenen den 9. februar, Berømt, Malaya og Sheffield bombarderede den italienske by Genova. I havnen blev 4 skibe sænket og 18 blev beskadiget. Også selve byen blev beskadiget. Den italienske flåde vendte sig om og forsøgte at opsnappe de britiske skibe, men på grund af det dårlige vejr mislykkedes dette. I mellemtiden Ark Royal's fly angreb Livorno og minede havnen i La Spezia. Force H vendte sikkert tilbage til Gibraltar den 11. februar.


20. marts 1941

Lige før midnat angreb den tyske ubåd U-106 et handelsskib i konvojen SL-68 med en spredning af to torpedoer omkring 250 miles vest for Kap Verde-øerne. En torpedo ramte og beskadigede det britiske slagskib HMS Malayaforårsager betydelig skade. Med omfattende oversvømmelser tog skibet en liste på 7 grader, men nåede sikkert Trinidad. Efter at der var foretaget midlertidige reparationer, fortsatte hun til New York Navy Yard, hvor slagskibet lå til kaj i 4 måneder. Den 9. juli forlod skibet til Clyde og ankom den 28. juli.

I 1942 blev flyet og katapulten fjernet, og to to 4 "AA -pistolbeslag blev tilføjet til flygedækket, yderligere to 8 tøndepom poms blev tilføjet på den bageste overbygning, antallet af 20 mm Oerlikon -kanoner blev øget til 31. En type (SW) 271 radar blev tilføjet oven på foremasten. De to fremadgående 6 tommer kanoner blev fjernet.

HMS Malaya blev trukket tilbage fra tjenesten i slutningen af ​​1944 og anbragt i reserve og tjent som indkvarteringsskib. Solgt den 20. februar 1948 til Metal Industries og ankom til Faslane den 12. april 1948 til ophugning. . Hun blev skrottet i Faslane i Skotland den 12. april 1948. Skibsklokken kan ses i East India Club, London.


Indhold

I første verdenskrig tjente hun i admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas's 5. kampeskadron for den store flåde. Hun deltog i slaget ved Jylland, 31. maj 1916, hvor hun blev ramt otte gange og tog store skader og store besætningsskader. I alt 65 mænd døde, i kampen eller senere af deres kvæstelser. Blandt de sårede var Able Seaman Willie Vicarage, bemærkelsesværdig som en af ​​de første mænd, der modtog ansigtsrekonstruktion ved hjælp af plastikkirurgi og den første til at modtage radikal rekonstruktion via "tubed pedicule" -teknikken, der var banebrydende af Sir Harold Gillies. Ώ ] Unikt blandt skibene i slaget, HMS Malaya fløj de rød-hvid-sort-gule fenrik i de fødererede malaysiske stater.


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History Buff - Yusrin Faidz Yusoffs blog


Ianya adalah sebuah klip filem bisu yang saya edit by selingan muzik iaitu Lagu Kebesaran Negeri Perak iaitu 'Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan' yang dimainkan oleh Pancaragam Akedemi Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia, dan juga Lagu Kebangsaan British danja 'Goda

Sejarah HMS Malaya bermula semasa berlangsungnya Mesyuarat Raja-Raja Melayu pada tahun 1912, di mana Sultan Perak iaitu Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar (1849-1916) mengusuger Ager Negeri mempertingkat kelengkapan perang. Du kan også bruge denne vare til at bruge en salat med en salat, der kan bruges i kategorien 'Queen Elizabeth-Class' som britisk. Usul tersebut telah disokong oleh Sultan Selangor iaitu Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (1863-1938), dan dipersetujui oleh Yang diPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan iaitu Tuanku Muhammad ibni Almarhum Tu19u Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad al-Mu ’azzam Shah (1868-1917).

Kapal perang utama tersebut mula dibina pada tahun 1913 fra Whitworth & amp Company i Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England. Menurut rekod, penduduk FMS dimaklumkan tentang status pembinaan melalui laporan akhbar yang dikeluarkan selang 3 bulan dari tahun 1913 hingga 1915. Pemilihan nama kapal perang utama tersebut juga menjadi isu perbincangan penduduk FMS semenjak taha 19 "," HMS Malaysia "," HMS Sri Malaya "og" HMS Malaya ". Dari pandangan umum, nama "HMS Malaya" adalah nama yang paling mendapat sambutan (The Singapore Free Press And Mercantile Advertiser, 16.12.1912).

Kapal biayaan FMS tersebut dilancarkan pada 18.3.1915, da ditauliahkan dengan nama HMS Malaya pada 1.2.1916 (Gambar 1). Ia membentuk sebahagian dari kelengkapan 5th Battle Squadron, Grand Fleet yang diketuai Rear Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari segi kos, ianya menelan belanja sebanyak ٠,945,709 iaitu bersamaan 25 juta dolar selat. Jika dibanding dalam nilai semasa, ianya berjumlah 𧷩 juta atau RM1.6 billion. Ketika itu penyumbang terbesar kepada ekonomi FMS, yang menjadi sumber utama dana pembinaan HMS Malaya, adalah negeri Perak.

Dari segi dimensi, HMS Malaya berukuran 196,82 meter panjang dan 27,58 meter lebar dan mempunyai berat 33,020 tan. Ianya dilengkapi 8 meriam 15 inci yang diletakkan di 4 landasan meriam berputar. Ia mempunyai enjin wap yang menjana 56.600 personer kan maksimalt 25 knob (46 km/t 29 mph). Ianya adalah antara kapal perang utama yang tercanggih dan terpantas ketika itu, dan boleh memuatkan 1.217 anak kapal.

Gør klipfilem simpanan Imperial War Museums (IWM) tersebut, kita dapat melihat HMS Malaya semasa ianya sedang bertugas di perairan North Sea iaitu sebelum Pertempuran Jutland sekitar penghujung bulan Mei 1916. Kemungkinan besar filem tersebut di ambilamari Battle Squadron. Deltagelse i tersebut HMS Malaya kan hjælpe os med at bruge 8 soveværelser, tysk, som man kan bruge 63 til at skrive en tekst. Serpihan peluru meriam Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya telah dihadiahkan kepada FMS pada tahun 1916. Lihat Gambar 4 yang menunjukkan serpihan dari bedilan pihak Jerman tersebut.


Afsnit 4: Serpihan peluru 12-inci pihak Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya semasa Pertempuran Jutland, 31.5.1916 (Sumber: BattleshipCrusiers.co.uk)

Gamble 5: HMS Malaya sekitar pelabuhan New York setelah selesai kerja-kerja membaik-pulih, 9.7.1941.
Sumber: Imperial War Museums.

Apa yang menarik, selain dari sumbangan wang, FMS juga telah memberikan loceng-loceng kegunaan HMS Malaya. Peristiwa ini berlaku sekitar Ogos 1916 di mana beberapa buah loceng yang dibiayai dana kutipan derma dari pegawai kerajaan dan penduduk FMS telah dihadiahkan kepada HMS Malaya. Opdatering af lokalerne til Sir Woodford Ernest Birch, admiral Sir John Jellicoe og kontreadmiral Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari laporan akhbar 'Malaya Tribune' bertarikh 24.7.1916, logam bagi membentuk loceng dicairkan kedalam acuan pada 15.5.1916 oleh Mears & amp Stainback dari Whitechapel Road, London. Lokal udama seberat 192 lbs (87,1 kg) diperbuat dari campuran tembaga (16 bahagian) dan timah (4 1/2 bahagian), manakala bahagian dalam iaitu pemukul loceng (bell clapper) diperbuat dari besi dan mempunyai berat 8 lbs (3,6 kg). Bered keseluruhan loceng utama adalah 200 lbs (90,7 kg). Menurut laporan akhbar yang sama, loceng utama tersebut tertera dengan perkataan berikut:

Melalui acuan yang disediakan, jata FMS dibentuk di bahagian belakang loceng dengan slogan dalam tulisan Jawi iaitu 'Di Pelihara Allah'. Di bawahnya pula tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham seperti berikut:-

Di bahagian belakangnya tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham iaitu "Bunyi Genta Kapal Ini Besarkan Hati Orang Berani" bersama terjemahan di dalam Bahasa Inggeris iaitu "The Sound Of This Ship's Bell Fires The Hearts Of Brave Men".

Setelah tamat Perang Dunia Kedua, salah sebuah dari loceng HMS Malaya telah dipulangkan oleh British ke Tanah Melayu (Gambar 6). Dari inskripsi yang tertera, saya berpendapat ia mungkin salah satu dari loceng kecil yang bersalut perak dan bukannya loceng utama HMS Malaya.

Spil 6: Salah satu dari 5 locks HMS Malaya yang dihadiahkan oleh pegawai & amp penduduk FMS (Sumber: NST Press)

Menurut rekod upacara yang diadakan pada 12.9.1947, sekolah menengah Victoria Institution telah dipilih foruk menerima loceng HMS Malaya tersebut. I dag kan vi også tilbyde en Hidrografi Nasional di Pulau Indah pada bulan Ogos 2007, da FMS også kunne benytte HMS Malaya. Bendera asal HMS Malaya tersebut telah dijumpai oleh Sultan Selangor, iaitu Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, semasa ekspedisi pelayaran solo baginda mengelilingi dunia.

Walaupun bernama Malaya, hanya sekali sahaja kapal ini tiba di Tanah Melayu iaitu pada tahun 1921. Ini berlaku semasa ia membawa rombongan Duke of Connaugh for melawat jajahan takluk dan sekutu British termasuk FMS di mana ia telah singgah selama satu bulan 17.2.1921. Pelabuhan-pelabuhan yang dilawati adalah Port Swettenham, Singapura, Melaka, Port Dickson og Pulau Pinang. Walaupun singkat, lawatan HMS Malaya ke FMS dan Negeri-Negeri Selat tersebut menjadi pemangkin kepada dua acara perlawanan sukan tahunan yang masih berterusan sehingga kini iaitu dalam acara bolasepak dan ragbi. Piala "HMS Malaya Cup" kunne bruges til at lave en bermula i 1921, hvor vi kunne se Malaysia Cup på Piala Malaysia. Manakala piala acara sukan ragbi masih dikenali benævnes "HMS Malaya Cup".


HMS MALAYA

En af de fire Dronning Elizabeth klasse slagskibe i Jylland under kommando af viceadmiral Sir David Beatty, the Malaya var stærkt beskadiget i slaget, men «gav så godt som hun fik».

Silhuetter af de fem kraftfulde 15 tommer skudt Dronning Elizabeth klasse slagskibe, hvoraf fire kæmpede i Jylland (privat samling)

Mindehovedstenen til MalayaEr faldet i Jylland ved Lyness Naval Cemetary (privat samling)

Ikke alle Malayas døde blev begravet på land. Faktisk er et af de mest gribende fotos, jeg har af Jylland, begravelsen til søs fra Malaya, efter at et signal var blevet sendt til Jellicoe, anerkendt og gået med til:

“5th Battle Sqn to Jellicoe - Tilladelse for Barham og Malaya til at begå noget KIA til dybden. Svar: Godkendt ”.


HMS Malaya - Historie

SERVICEHISTORIER FOR ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS i WORLD WAR 2
af Lt Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2003

HMS MALAYA - Dronning Elizabeth -klasse 15in kanonslagskib
herunder konvoj -eskortebevægelser

Redigeret af Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net ekstra materiale & amp-redigering af Mike Simmonds

QUEEN ELIZABETH-klasse slagskib bestilt fra Armstrongs i 1913 og nedlagt den 20. oktober samme år. Omkostningerne ved dette skib, citeret til 2 945 709, blev dækket af de fødererede malaysiske stater. Skibet blev søsat den 18. marts 1915 som det første RN -skib, der bar navnet, og hendes konstruktion blev afsluttet den 1. februar 1916. Under 1. verdenskrig deltog hun i slaget ved Jylland den 31. maj 1916.

B a t t l e H o n o u r s

JYLLAND 1916 - ATLANTIC 1940-41 - CALABRIA 1940 - MEDITERRANEAN 1940-41 - MALTA CONVOYS 1941-42 - ENGLISH CHANNEL 1944.

Badge: På en Field Red, en Tiger -passant Guld, der holder en Malay Kris -ordentlig.

Malem Fero Malis: 'Jeg bringer ondskab til det onde.'

D e t a i l s o f W a r S e r v i c e

September Implementeret med Middelhavsflåden i Alexandria som en del af 1. Battle Squadron med

HM slagskibe WARSPITE og BARHAM.

11. Sejlede fra Alexandria for at udføre skydeøvelser i selskab med HM slagskibe

WARSPITE og BARHAM, HM Cruisers DEVONSHIRE, SUSSEX, ARETHUSA og

PENELOPE og HM Destroyers AFRIDI, GURKHA, MOHAWK og SIKH. Om aftenen

MALAYA og PENELOPE vendte tilbage til Alexandria.

Nomineret til overførsel til Det Indiske Ocean med HM Aircraft Carrier GLORIOUS for

konvojeforsvar og aflytning af raiders.

9. Sejlede fra Alexandria for at udføre øvelser i selskab med HM Battleships WARSPITE

og BARHAM, HM Aircraft Carrier GLORIOUS, HM Cruiser PENELOPE og HM

Destroyers BULLDOG, DAINTY, DARING, DUNCAN, GALLANT, GIPSY og

GRAFTON. I slutningen af ​​øvelserne MALAYA, GLORIOUS, BULLDOG og DARING

Foretog anti -raider feje fra Aden.

November Fortsatte anti-raider patruljer, især for den tyske Panzerschiff ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE off

10. Sejlede fra Aden med GLORIOUS og BULLDOG for at udføre anti-raider-patrulje i Golfen

16. Tiltrådt til søs af HM Battleship RAMILLIES og HM Destroyer DELIGHT.

18. På Aden med RAMILLIES, GLORIOUS, BULLDOG, DARING og DELIGHT, hvor de var

(Bemærk: Den 15/11/39 havde ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE sænket den britiske købmand SS Africa

Skal ud for Lorenco Marques og den 16/11/39 vest for Durban stoppede hun den hollandske købmand

MV Mapia. Da CinC East Indies modtog denne nyhed, dannede han straks jagt

grupper for at søge efter raideren i Det Indiske Ocean, Force J er en. Dog følgende

aflytningen af ​​Mapia, GRAF SPEE flyttede tilbage til Atlanterhavet)

Force J fortsatte anti -raider -patruljer i Adenbugten.

December Nomineret til tjeneste i Atlanterhavet.

8. Sejlede fra Aden ledsaget af HM Destroyers HMAS VENDETTA og WATERHEN.

21. Sejlede fra Malta ledsaget af HM Destroyers DELIGHT, DIANA og WATCHMAN.

24. Ankom til Gibraltar, hvor hun tankede op. Sejlede senere samme dag til Halifax ledsaget af

26. VOGTMAN løsrev sig og vendte tilbage til Gibraltar.

Udsat til atlantisk konvojeforsvar.

14. Sejlede fra Halifax og sluttede sig til HM Destroyers HMCS OTTAWA og SAGUENAY

15. HMCS OTTAWA og SAGUENAY løsrevet fra konvoj HX 16 og MALAYA forblev

23. Fritaget fra konvoj HX 16

30. Sejlede fra Halifax i selskab med HM Battleship VALIANT, HM Cruiser

ENTERPRISE, HM Destroyers HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE

og ST LAURENT eskorterer canadisk troppekonvoj TC3, der bringer canadiske tropper til

England. (Bemærk: Konvojen omfattede forene AQUITANIA, EMPRESS OF BRITAIN,

Polsk CHOBRY, MONARCH OF BERMUDA og EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA.)

1. HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE og ST LAURENT fritliggende

4. ENTERPRISE løsrevet fra konvoj TC3.

5. Klokken 0825 timer, 650 miles vest for Malin Head HM Destroyers DARING, DIANA, FAME,

FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FRESIGHT, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY,

KELVIN, KINGSTON sluttede sig til konvoj TC3.

7. Ankom til Clyde med TC3 og løsrevet

27. Sejlede fra Clyde med indskudt guldguld til overførsel til Canada i selskab med

Armed Merchant Cruiser ASCANIA eskorteret af HM Destroyers FAME, FAULKNOR,

4. Ankom til Halifax. Ved ankomsten indsat med Halifax Escort Force til atlantisk konvoj

10. Sejlede fra Halifax og sluttede sig til HM Destroyers HMCS SAGUENAY og SKEENA

11. SAGUENAY og SKEENA løsrevet fra konvoj HX 26 og MALAYA forblev

22. Frigjort fra HX 26 og vendte tilbage til Halifax.

Nomineret til overførsel til Middelhavet

3. Sejlede fra Halifax ledsaget af HM Destroyer HMCS ST LAURENT. På 1800 timer tog

over escort af konvoj HX 32 fra HM Destroyers HMCS RESTIGOUCHE og

SAGUENAY. RESTIGOUCHE, SAGUENAY og ST LAURENT derefter løsrevet fra HX 32.

14. Fritaget fra HX 32 til Gibraltar.

19. Ankom til Gibraltar.

28. Klokken 1600 timer sejlede fra Gibraltar til Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleship ROYAL

SOVEREIGN eskorteret af HM Destroyers VELOX, WATCHMAN og HMAS VENDETTA og

29. Off Algier blev de ledsaget af en fransk slaggruppe på 3 slagskibe, 4 krydsere og 3

30. off Bizerte, HM Destroyers HMAS STUART og VAMPIRE sluttede sig til. Senere i den sicilianske kanal HM

Cruiser ORION og HM Destroyers DECOY og DEFENDER sluttede sig til.

1st Off Malta VELOX og WATCHMAN fritliggende.

3. Kl. 1820 ankom Alexandria.

Implementeret med HM Battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN for at give dækning for passage af

konvojer i det østlige Middelhav.

Tilsluttede sig 1. Battle Squadron og indsat med Fleet til konvojeforsvar og offensiv

operationer mod fjendtlig skibsfart i det østlige Middelhav.

(Bemærk: I denne periode blev omfattende øvelser udført af Middelhavsflådens enheder

i påvente af udbruddet af fjendtlighederne med Italien. Italien erklærede krig 0001 timer senere

12. Klokken 0230 sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE screenet af HM Destroyers DAINTY, HASTY, ILEX, JANUS, JUNO, NUBIAN og HMAS

STUART, VAMPIRE og VOYAGER for at foretage en fejning vestpå langs den afrikanske kyst.

Klokken 0840 sluttede HM Cruiser CALEDON sig til flåden til søs.

Kl. 1325 sluttede HM Cruiser CALYPSO sig til flåden til søs, og HM Destroyer MOHAWK sluttede senere til.

Ved 1840 timer, HM Destroyers HAVOCK, HERWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION og IMPERIAL

I 1953 timer blev HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE og VOYAGER løsrevet fra flåden. Senere HM

Destroyer DIAMOND sluttede sig til flåden.

14. vendte tilbage til Alexandria.

4. deltog i forhandlinger med den franske flåde efter kapitulation af Frankrig.

(Operation CATAPULT - Se RELUKTANTE fjender af W Tute).

7. Klokken 2330 sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN, HM

Aircraft Carrier EAGLE screenet af HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, HASTY, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JUNO og HMAS VAMPIRE og VOYAGER som Force C til at dække transport af to

konvojer (MF1/hurtig 13 knob og MS1/langsom 9 knob) fra Malta (Operation MA5)

(Bemærk: Dette var en gentagelse af Operation MA3, der blev aflyst den 28. juni på grund af engagement med

Italienske destroyere. Se følgende referencer.)

8. I løbet af dagen var flåden under luftangreb fra i alt 126 bombefly på højt plan. I et angreb brand

styrekabler blev beskadiget af næsten uheld og repareret.

På 1600 timer modtog krydstogtskibet GLOUCESTER et direkte hit på sin bro.

På 1515 timer rapporterede et Sunderland en italiensk flåde med 2 slagskibe, 6 krydsere og 7 destroyere, 100

miles nord vest for Benghazi, sejler nordpå. Efter modtagelsen af ​​rapporten ændrede Middelhavsflåden sig

kursus i et forsøg på at afbryde italienerne fra deres base i Taranto.

9. 1515 timer fra Punta Stilo så de to flåder hinanden. ØRN, dækket af GLOUCESTER,

blev løsrevet, og slagskibene med deres destroyer -skærme arbejdede op til fuld hastighed for at engagere

Italiensk flåde. 1552 timer 30 miles vest for Punta Stilo WARSPITE og det italienske slagskib GIULIO

CESARE åbnede ild mod hinanden, og så begyndte slaget ved Calabrien. To gange under handlingen,

WARSPITE ændrede kurs for at tillade den langsommere MALAYA at indhente. Ved 1554 timer MALAYA

åbnede ild, men hendes skud var 2700 yards korte, og hun holdt op med at skyde 1558 timer. Fjendens skibe

trak sig i fart efter den korte skifte af ild.

(Bemærk: Fjendtlige skibe kunne ikke lukkes på grund af mangel på fart.)

(For detaljer om operationer i løbet af 1940-43 se ENGAGE fjenden mere

TÆT af C. Barnett, BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN af D. MacIntyre

NAVALKRIGEN I MEDITERRANEAN af J Greene og A Massignani og

Naval Staff History (HMSO-2001)

(I sin rapport efter slaget skrev CinC Mediterranean Fleet Admiral Cunningham, at han havde set

manglerne ved MALAYA og ROYAL SOVEREIGN både hvad angår hastighed og hovedbevæbning

rækkevidde troede han ikke på, at han kunne nå sit strategiske mål om at handle afgørende med

den italienske flåde uden forstærkning ved moderniserede slagskibe)

10. Klokken 0830 fløj EAGLE af en strejkestyrke mod skibsfart i Augusta Roads.

I 2030 timer fra Malta blev ROYAL SOVEREIGN og tilhørende destroyere løsrevet for at tanke op

Malta. MALAYA, ØRN og tilhørende destroyere gik videre til den sydlige del af Malta for at afvente

11. På 1000 timer sluttede ROYAL SOVEREIGN og tilhørende destroyere sig igen, hvorefter

kombineret kraft bestående af MALAYA, ROYAL SOVEREIGN, EAGLE, GLOUCESTER, DAINTY,

DEFENDER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION og ILEX sætter kurs mod Alexandria

dækker konvoj MS1 (MS1 havde sejlet fra Malta tidligt den 10/7/40)

15. Klokken 0900 ankom vi til Alexandria.

19. Klokken 1230 sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleship RAMILLIES med EAGLE og

eskorterende destroyere. Deres mission var at feje mod vest langs kysten og lede efter de skadede

Italienske krydstogter GIOVANNI DELLE BANDE NERE (Beskadiget tidligere på dagen i et engagement med

HMAS SYDNEY ud for Cape Spada) og menes at lave for Tobruk.

20. ud af Tobruk iværksatte EAGLE et luftangreb, som ikke lykkedes at finde krydstogteren, men som sank to italienere

21. Ankom tilbage til Alexandria.

27. 0300 timer sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleships WARSPITE og RAMILLIES, HM

Aircraft Carrier EAGLE eskorteret af HM Destroyers DECOY, HERWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

IMPERIAL, JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN og MOHAWK til dækning af passagen af ​​konvoj AS2/1. Syd for

Kreta flåden fik selskab af HM Cruisers NEPTUNE og HMAS SYDNEY.

28. Flåden delt. Syd for Kithera Strait -konvojen AS2/1 eskorteret af HM Cruisers CAPETOWN

og LIVERPOOL og HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND og HMAS STUART var

mødt af den dækkende Force of MALAYA, RAMILLIES, EAGLE, HEREWARD, HERO, JERVIS, JUNO,

30. Ankom tilbage til Alexandria.

31. 1420 timer sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier

ØRN eskorteret af Destroyers HASTY, HERWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, ILEX, IMPERIAL, JERVIS

og HMAS VENDETTA til at udføre skytteøvelser. Efter dette blev de udpeget Force B

til Operation HURRY og skulle sejle vest mod Gavdo Island. Men når MALAYA

udviklede problemer med saltvand i hendes kondensatorer, hele Force B vendte tilbage til Alexandria.

2. Ankom tilbage til Alexandria.

16. 1030 timer sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleships WARSPITE og RAMILLIES, HM

Cruiser KENT, eskorteret af Destroyers DIAMOND, HERWARD, HOSTILE, MOWARK, NUBIAN

og HMAS STUART, VENDETTA og WATERHEN og fortsatte mod vest på Operation MB2.

Efter sejlads blev flåden organiseret i to styrker. Force B omfattede MALAYA, RAMILLIES,

HERNE, HERO, JUNO, STUART, VENDETTA og WATERHEN.

17. Mellem 0658 og 0720 timer bombarderede flåden Bardia og Fort Capuzzo (Operation MB2).

(Bemærk: 62 runder på 15in og 104 runder på 6in blev affyret.)

18. Under ineffektive luftangreb fra Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79, hvoraf 12 flåden skød ned, under

retur passage til Alexandria.

30. Klokken 0445 sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE, HM Cruisers ORION og HMAS SYDNEY eskorteret af HM Destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HERNE, IMPERIAL, HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE, VENDETTA og VOYAGER og polsk ORP

GARLAND om Operation HATS/MB3. Flåden sejlede mod Tarantobugten. (Formålet med

Operation HATS skulle dække passagen af ​​forstærkninger til Middelhavsflåden og konvojen

MF2 til Malta. Konvoj MF2 blev svagt eskorteret af 4 destroyere til at fungere som lokkemad for at invitere til et angreb af

31. Tidligt om morgenen fik flåden selskab af HM Cruisers KENT, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL og

HM Destroyers HASTY, HYPERION og ILEX, der vender tilbage fra en fejning af det sydlige Ægæiske Hav. På

nåede et punkt cirka 100 miles vest for Cape Matapan vendte flåden mod syd.

Efter 1554 timer løsrev KENT, GLOUCESTER og LIVERPOOL sig fra flåden for at slutte sig til konvoj MF2.

Kl. 1700, da Middelhavsflåden var omkring 150 miles vest for Kreta, den italienske flåde

(4 slagskibe, 14 krydsere og 39 destroyere, der havde sejlet fra Taranto kl. 0600/31/8/40) var

kun 120 miles nordvest for deres position, hvilket gør en flådeaktion meget sandsynlig. Men på det tidspunkt er

Italiensk overkommando, der kendte til konvojen, men ikke tilstedeværelsen af ​​Middelhavsflåden,

beordrede den italienske flåde til at vende tilbage til basen.

Klokken 1815 drejede flåden mod vest, og DECOY blev løsrevet for at deltage

1. Kl. 0900 timer vest for Malta middelhavsflåden R/Ved med Force F fra Gibraltar, og vendte

med Force F mod Malta.

1657 timer øst for Malta delte flåden sig til Operation MB3 (en operation for at angribe italiensk

installationer i den sydlige Dodekaneser). Force E omfattede MALAYA, EAGLE, COVENTRY,

DAINTY, DIAMOND, JANUS, JUNO, VAMPIRE og VENDETTA.

3. vest for Kreta blev flåden igen delt og MALAYA, EAGLE, DAINTY, DIAMOND,

VAMPIRE, VENDETTA og WRYNECK gik direkte til Alexandria.

4. Kl. 2100 ankom Alexandria.

8. Sejlede fra Alexandria i selskab med HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HMS EAGLE, HMS RAMILLIES, HMS

VALIANT, HMS WARSPITE, HM Cruisers AJAX, GLOUCESTER, ORION, YORK, HMAS SYDNEY

screenet af HM Destroyers HASTY, HAVOCK, HERWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, IMPERIAL,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO og NUBIAN til at sørge for fjerntliggende dækning for passage af Malta -konvoj MF3 fra

Egypten og konvoj ME4 fra Malta, og konvoj AS4 fra Grækenland og et luftangreb på Leros

9. Klokken 0254 fik flåden selskab til søs af HM Cruiser LIVERPOOL og HM Destroyer DIAMOND.

10. På 1715 timer er RAMILLIES, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX og NUBIAN fritliggende

fra flåden for at tanke op på Malta. Med mellemrum gennem dagen og i løbet af den 11., forskellige enheder af

Flåde løsrevet for at tanke op på Malta.

11. Ved 1105 timer blev IMPERIAL udvundet og alvorligt beskadiget. Hun blev slæbt til Malta af DECOY.

Kl. 1600 ankom konvoj MF3 til Malta i selskab med ORION, STUART og VENDETTA. På

denne gang var hoveddelen af ​​Middelhavsflåden 100 miles sydøst for Malta, hvor den var

observeret og rapporteret af et italiensk civil flyselskab.

2245 timer sejlede konvoj ME4, der omfattede HM River Gunboat APHIS, fra Malta eskorteret af

HM Cruisers CALCUTTA og COVENTRY og HM Destroyers WRYNECK og HMAS WATERHEN.

Sent på aftenen efter tilbageleveringen af ​​alle de tankede enheder vendte flåden mod Alexandria.

(Nordøst for Malta og placeret i forventning om, at en konvoj ville sejle fra Malta var 4

Italienske destroyere, 3 torpedobåde og 4 MAS -både)

12. Under returrejsen til Alexandria, klokken 0200 timer, var flåden 125 miles vest for Malta og ca.

70 miles nord for konvojen. De tre italienske torpedobåde lancerede torpedoer mod AJAX, the

den nordligste enhed i flåden, som alle savnede. AJAX åbnede efter første forvirring ild ved 4000

yards, synkende ARIEL og ARIONE. Til gengæld modtog AJAX 3 hits fra AIRONE. (AJAX var

udstyret med type 279 radar, som var et luftsøgningssæt med lang rækkevidde og som ikke kunne bruges på en overflade

engagement). Umiddelbart kom de 4 italienske destroyere til hjælp for torpedobådene og klokken 0230

timer ARTIGLIERE iværksatte et torpedoanfald, som AJAX undgik. AJAX formåede at skade

AVIERE og alvorlige skader ARTIGLIERE. Til gengæld ramte ARTIGLIERE AJAX 4 gange og satte hende

radar ude af funktion og beskadiger en dobbelt 4in mount. At the time of the second engagement the moon

had set and the lack of flashless powder caused problems for AJAX s gunners. At 0235 hours when

the Italian destroyers withdrew behind a smoke screen AJAX broke off the action since Capt.

McCarthy believed that he had been in action against 4 destroyers and 2 cruisers.

(This action is known by the Italians as the Battle of Cape Passero)

The gunfire drew other cruisers of the Mediterranean Fleet to the scene, but they arrived too late to

13th At dawn ,the damaged ARTIGLIERE under tow by the destroyer CAMICIA NERE, was sighted 107

miles west of Malta by a Sunderland. The sighting report resulted in an air strike by Swordfish

from ILLUSTRIOUS, without result. YORK, AJAX and 4 destroyers were despatched from the fleet

and arrived at the position at 0900 hours. CAMICIA NERE slipped the tow and made off, and YORK

At 1100 hours south east of Gavdos Island convoy ME4 was joined by convoy AS4 that had

In the evening the Fleet divided and ILLUSTRIOUS, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, HAVOCK,

HEREWARD, HERO and NUBIAN headed into the Aegean .

14th Early in the morning Swordfish from ILLUSTRIOUS carried out an air strike on the airfield on the Island

At 0840 hours the ILLUSTRIOUS Force rejoined the main body of the Fleet and the combined Fleet

set course for Alexandria.

In the evening the Fleet came under air attack and at 1845 hours 70 miles SE of Crete, LIVERPOOL

sustained an aerial torpedo hit in the starboard bow, delivered by an Italian torpedo aircraft. At 1920

hours the petrol storage compartment exploded, blowing the roof off A turret the port gun fell into

the sea and a fire was started. DECOY and HEREWARD stood by.

At 2230 hours ORION took her in tow backwards at 9.5 knots towards Alexandria escorted by

DAINTY, DECOY, DIAMOND and VAMPIRE.

15th At 0100 hours the Mediterranean Fleet arrived back at Alexandria.

25th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM Cruiser COVENTRY , escorted

by HM Destroyers JANUS, MOHAWK, WRYNECK and HMAS VAMPIRE and VOYAGER on

Operation MAQ2 (covering a Port Said to Piraeus convoy AN5 and carry out an

air attack on Rhodes in the Dodecanese)

26th The Fleet sailed to the southern end of the Kasos Strait.

27th Swordfish from EAGLE carried out an air strike on the airfield at Maritza on the Island of Rhodes.

28th Arrived back at Alexandria.

29th At 0130 hours sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE, VALIANT and

RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and EAGLE escorted by destroyers DAINTY,

DECOY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND, HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO, MOHAWK and NUBIAN. The Fleet sailed for the west of Crete on Operation

CHURCH. (Following Italy s attack on Greece on 28/10/40 the Greek Government invited Britain to set

up a base at Suda Bay on the north coast of Crete. Operation CHURCH was the operation

covering the military convoys carrying personnel and stores to Suda Bay)

Late in the evening south of Crete HM Cruisers YORK , GLOUCESTER, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY

30th The Fleet continued to sail north west and at 2000 hours, was 126 miles west of Cape Matapan.

31st At 1630 hours 75 miles west south west of Cape Matapan WARSPITE, ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK ,

GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, ILEX and JERVIS detached from the Fleet and

proceeded towards Alexandria. The rest of the Fleet remained cruising to the west of Crete .

2nd Arrived back at Alexandria.

6th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE ,VALIANT and RAMILLIES,

HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HM Cruisers YORK and GLOUCESTER, destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO and MOHAWK

on Operation MB8 and Operation COAT. Later joined by HM Cruisers AJAX and HMAS SYDNEY

(Operation MB8 was to provide cover for the passage of Convoy MW3 [sailed from Alexandria on

5/11/40] to Malta and Convoy AN6 [from Port Said on 4/11/40] to the Aegean. Operation Coat was

the passage of reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet).

7th Covered the passage of convoy AN6 and MW3. The two convoys proceeded together from

off Alexandria towards west Crete. (Operation MB8).

9th In the evening RAMILLIES, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX detached for Malta to refuel.

10th The Mediterranean Fleet cruised to the south east of Malta.

At 1015 hours Force F, comprising HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruisers BERWICK and GLASGOW

and HM Destroyers GALLANT, GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN , and preceeded by HM Destroyers

FAULKNOR, FORTUNE and FURY acting as minesweepers, R/Ved with the Mediterranean Fleet.

Force F (The reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet, Operation COAT) entered Valletta harbour to

disembark their troops and supplies and the 3 F-class destroyers to refuel.

At 1330 hours convoy ME3, which included HM Monitor TERROR, sailed from Malta, escorted by

RAMILLIES, COVENTRY, DECOY, DEFENDER and HMAS VENDETTA.

After disembarking their troops and supplies BARHAM, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GALLANT,

GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN sailed from Malta and joined the Mediterranean Fleet sailing east.

11th Covered passage of convoy ME3 from Malta to Alexandria.

At 1310 hours AJAX, ORION, HMAS SYDNEY, MOHAWK and NUBIAN detached from the Fleet to

carry out a raid on Italian military convoys in the southern Adriatic.

At 1800 hours ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK , BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX detached from the Fleet to carry out Operation JUDGEMENT.

(Note: The successful air attack on Taranto (Operation JUDGEMENT) by aircraft from HMS

ILLUSTRIOUS during the night of 11/12th November was also covered as part of Operation COAT).

12th At dawn ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX rejoined the Fleet.

13th The Fleet and convoy ME3 arrived at Alexandria.

(Following the success of Operation JUDGEMENT it was decided RAMILLIES and MALAYA could

be released from the Mediterranean Fleet)

23rd Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM

Cruisers AJAX, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY escorted by HM Destroyers DAINTY, DIAMOND,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX, designated as Force C for Operation MB9 and Operation

(Operation MB9 was an operation to provide Fleet cover for Malta convoy MW4. Operation COLLAR

covered the passage of RAMILLIES, BERWICK and NEWCASTLE through the Mediterranean to

24th At 0800 hours Force C arrived at Suda Bay to refuel.

After refuelling, Force C sailed from Suda Bay. Off Suda Bay HM Cruiser BERWICK joined Force C,

which then sailed westward towards Malta .

26th At 0813 hours convoy MW4 arrived at Malta accompanied by MALAYA and RAMILLIES to refuel.

At 1200 hours MALAYA sailed from Malta to rejoin Force C.

30th Returned to Alexandria with HMS WARSPITE and HMS VALIANT covering passage

of newly joined cruisers HMS MANCHESTER, HMS SOUTHAMPTON and HM

Corvettes PEONY, SALVIA, GLOXINIA and HYACINTH.

16th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Destroyers DEFENDER and DIAMOND escorting Malta

supply convoy MW5A (Operation MC2).

20th At 0400 hours arrived at Malta in company with destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, NUBIAN and

WRYNECK with mercantiles of MW5A.

21st At 1250 hours sailed from Malta screened by HM Destroyers HEREWARD, HYPERION and ILEX and

escorting convoy MG1 formed of SS CLAN FORBES and SS CLAN FRASER. They were joined by

HASTY and HERO. The force headed for the Sicilian Narrows, to R/V with Force H. The transfer of

MALAYA to Force H formed part of Operation HIDE.

22nd At 0156 hours 24 miles west of Cape Bon, HYPERION was torpedoed and seriously damaged by

Italian submarine SERPENTE. HMS ILEX was detached to assist HYPERION.

At 0940 hours joined ships of Force H (HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN,

HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD) for passage to Gibraltar with mercantiles of convoy MG1.

24th At 1000 hours arrived at Gibraltar for loan service in Force H.

7th At 0800 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier

ARK ROYAL and HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD screened by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR, FIREDRAKE,

FORESTER, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY and JAGUAR as Force H to cover the passage of

convoys to Malta and Piraeus, and transit of HM Cruiser BONAVENTURE with four Fleet destroyers,

DUNCAN, HASTY, HEREWARD and HERO, reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria

9th At 0930 hours HM Cruisers GLOUCESTER and SOUTHAMPTON and HM Destroyer ILEX joined from

the east to augment the convoy s close escort through the Skerki Channel and on to Malta.

At 1320 hours the Force came under high level attack by 10 Italian SM 79 aircraft, 8 aircraft attacked

MALAYA, all their bombs falling just ahead and causing no damage. Two of the attackers were shot

down by FAA Fulmars from ARK ROYAL.

At 2200 hours Force H reversed course and set course for Gibraltar .

11th At 1930 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

14th Dry-docked in No. 1 dock.

31st At 1300 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operations PICKET (air attack on Lake Omodeo Dam,

central Sardinia) and RESULT (the bombardment of Genoa). The Force was divided into 4 groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

Group 4: RFA ORANGELEAF escorted by HM Trawlers ARTIC RANGER and HAARLEM.

2nd At 0530 hours, 8 torpedo armed Swordfish took off from HMS ARK ROYAL to carry out an air strike

against the Santa Chiara d Ula dam on Lake Omodeo, central Sardinia (Operation PICKET). Due to the

bad weather only 4 aircraft reached the dam where they met an intense barrage. One aircraft was

(Note: Intended bombardment of Genoa (Operation RESULT) was cancelled due to bad weather.)

4th En route to Gibraltar all ships carried out a practice shoot. At 1800 hours Force H arrived back at

6th At 1615 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operation RESULT (The bombardment of Genoa ). Det

Force was divided into three groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

9th At 0400 hours Ark Royal and 4 destroyers detached to carry out an air strike against the Azienda oil

Between 0715 and 0745 hours, 10 miles off the Italian coast, carried out bombardment of Genoa with

RENOWN and SHEFFIELD. The two Walrus aircraft from SHEFFIELD carried out fall of shot

observationer. The three ships fired 273 rounds of 15in, 782 rounds of 6in and 400 rounds of 4.5in. Det

result was 28 civil vessels sunk or damaged and harbour installations destroyed and damaged.

At 0845 hours the ARK ROYAL Force rejoined and Force H made at best speed, which at one point

was only 17 knots, the best MALAYA could make, for Gibraltar.

11th At 1430 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

On return to Gibraltar nominated for deployment in Atlantic to cover UK - Gibraltar convoys.

17th Sailed from Gibraltar to R/V with convoy WS6A.

19th Off the Azores joined military convoy WS6A as Ocean Escort, following which Force H detached and

28th At 0800 hours convoy WS6A was joined by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR and FORESTER.

At 1815 hours in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER detached from WS6A, proceeded ahead

1st At 1600 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, arrived at Freetown. They immediately

At 1705 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, sailed from Freetown to catch up

3rd At 1500 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, joined AMC CILICIA, HM Corvette

ASPHODEL and HM Trawlers KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN escorting convoy SL67.

4th KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN detached from SL67.

7th German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU found convoy SL67, but on finding

MALAYA was part of the escort, they hauled off and made a R/V with U.124.

(Note: none of the escorts of SL67 observed the German ships)

At the meeting between the battlecruisers and U.124 a plan was drawn up for U.124 and U.105 to

attack SL67 and try to sink or damage MALAYA .

During the afternoon MALAYA refuelled FAULKNOR, FORESTER and ASPHODEL.

8th Between 0251 and 0256 hours, 5 merchants in the convoy were torpedoed and sunk by U.105 and

At 1330 hours 130 miles off Cape Blanco FORESTER, which was well to the west of the convoy, briefly

sighted SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU steaming towards the convoy. The German ships were also

sighted at the same time by MALAYA S patrolling Swordfish. Following the sightings MALAYA and

FAULKNOR hauled out of the convoy to join FORESTER, and to put themselves between the convoy

At 1645 hours MALAYA and SCHARNHORST sighted each other.

At 1648 hours SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU turned away and after a brief pursuit MALAYA (At

least 10 knots slower than the German ships) and her consorts returned to the convoy.

At 1900 hours they rejoined the convoy

10th At 1500 hours HM Battlecruiser REPULSE, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and Destroyers DUNCAN

and FOXHOUND took over the escort of the SL67, and MALAYA, FAULKNOR and FORESTER

12th Arrived at Gibraltar .

13th Sailed from Gibraltar escorted by HM Destroyer WISHART.

15th In company with WISHART joined AMC CANTON and HM Corvettes CALENDULA, CROCUS and

MARGUERITE escorting convoy SL68.

20th At 2323 hours 250 miles NNW of Cape Verde Islands, SL68 came under submarine attack. MALAYA

was hit by a torpedo from U.106. The hit the port side caused damage in the boiler room and the ship

had a 7 list. There were no casualties. MALAYA detached from SL68, escorted by CROCUS,

set course for Port of Spain, Trinidad.

23rd CROCUS detached and returned to Freetown.

29th Arrived at Port of Spain, Trinidad.where temporary repairs were carried out.

(For details see HITLER S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.)

On completion took passage to New York for repair.

6th Arrived at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and taken in hand for repair. She was the first RN vessel to

be repaired/refitted in the USA in World War 2,

Preparation for installation of fire-control and air warning radar carried out.

Some of ship's company transferred to Ex US Coastguard Cutters being lent to the Royal Navy.

(First 4 Coastguard Cutters, BANFF , CULVER, FISHGUARD and HARTLAND were handed over on

30/4/41 and Captain A.F.E. Pallister DSO RN the CO of MALAYA accepted the cutters on behalf of the

May to July Under repair and refit in New York .

A and A work completed including fit of air warning Radar Type 281, Fire control radars Types 282 for

Close range armament, Type 284 for Main armament and Type 285 for HA armament.

. Eleven single 20mm Oerlikon guns were fitted for close range AA defence.

(For details of development and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse.)

(Note: One source records fitting of Radar Type 291 to provide warning of the approach of surface

ships, aircraft and land. This equipment was a Naval designed outfit intended to replace earlier RAF

equipment modified for shipboard use, Type 286. This was never satisfactory and replaced in 1943

by centimetric radar, Type 273. See below.)

September On completion prepared for operational service.

Four additional 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

Nominated for transfer to Force H

20th At 1030 hours sailed from Scapa Flow for the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers BEDOUIN and

At 1530 hours off Tiumpan Head HM Destroyers LAFOREY and LIGHTNING joined, and BEDOUIN

and PUNJABI detached and returned to Scapa Flow .

Off Stornoway LAFOREY detached and landed a sick crew member at Stornoway.

At 1700 hours LAFOREY sailed and rejoined MALAYA .

21st Arrived in the Clyde .

22nd Sailed from the Clyde escorted by LIGHTNING. En route HM Destroyers HAVELOCK and

24th 575 miles west of Ushant HM Destroyers SIKH and ZULU joined and HAVELOCK and HARVESTER

27th Arrived at Gibraltar with LIGHTNING, SIKH and ZULU. On entering Harbour she was in collision with

merchant ships MV HOEGH HOOD, 9356 tons and MV CLAN MACDONALD, 9656 tons, sustaining

slight damage to her forecastle.

November At Gibraltar, MALAYA became the Flagship of Force H.

(The CinC Force H, Admiral Sir James Somerville was most unhappy with MALAYA as his Flagship

which he believed to be most unsuitable)

10th At 0235 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE to cover the delivery of

Hurricane aircraft by HMS ARK ROYAL and HMS ARGUS to Malta, screened by HM Destroyers

LAFOREY, LIGHTNING, SIKH, LEGION, ZULU, GURKHA and Dutch destroyer ISAAC SWEERS.

12th By 1100 hours, 37 Hurricanes had been flown off from ARK ROYAL and ARGUS, following

which the Force turned west and headed back to Gibraltar .

13th At 1541 hours, 30 miles from Gibraltar during the return passage under attack by U.81 which fired four

torpedoes. One hit HMS ARK ROYAL which sank on 14th when under tow to Gibraltar.

(See HITLERS U-BOAT WAR by C Blair and Naval Staff History.)

Escorted to Gibraltar by HM Destroyers SIKH, ZULU and ISAAC SWEERS, after HMS ARK ROYAL

At 1622 hours ZULU was detached to return to assist ARK ROYAL.

At 1830 hours arrived back at Gibraltar.

(On arrival at Gibraltar the CinC immediately transferred to SIKH and returned at high speed to the

December Deployed with Force H at Gibraltar for Atlantic trade defence

(Note: This ship was the only operational battleship in the Mediterranean as HMS QUEEN

ELIZABETH and HMS VALIANT had been disabled at Alexandria on 19/12/41 by frogmen.

Force H deployment in continuation.

14th The new CinC Force H, Rear Admiral E.N. Syfret raised his flag in MALAYA.

February Deployed in Atlantic for convoy defence.

8th Sailed from Gibraltar for the Clyde in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, EXMOOR, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

(Force H were ordered to the UK because the Admiralty were aware that the German Battlecruisers

SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU, then at Brest , were preparing to sail and about to breakout into the

Atlantic. With troop convoy WS16, with over 45000 troops embarked, about to sail, Force H was to

provide escort in the North Atlantic)

13th Arrived in the Clyde .

17th At 0030 hours sailed from the Clyde in company with HM Aircraft Carriers EAGLE and FORMIDABLE

(Flying the Flag of the new CinC Eastern Fleet, Admiral Sir James Somerville), HM Cruiser HERMIONE,

HM Destroyers DUNCAN, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

At 0900 hours north west of Inishtrahull the three sections, Bristol Channel, Liverpool and Clyde,

of military convoy WS 16 formed up, escorted by HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY,

CROOME, FIREDRAKE, PANTHER, VERITY, WALKER AND WITHERINGTON. WS16 was then

joined by the MALAYA ocean escort Force.

20th During the morning ANTHONY detached with condenser problems.

At 1800 hours 480 miles north of Sao Miguel in the Azores, PANTHER detached to refuel at Ponta

21st During the morning CROOME detached for Gibraltar.

At 1330 hours the delayed SS STRATHAIRD escorted by HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE and PALADIN

At 1430 hours, detached from WS16 for Gibraltar in company with ACTIVE, BLANKNEY, DUNCAN ,

23rd Arrived back at Gibraltar and resumed duties with Force H.

27th At 0320 hours sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force H with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE and five

destroyers and sailed east towards Malta on Operation SPOTTER. At sea they were joined by HM

Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Aircraft Carrier ARGUS and their screen of 4 destroyers this section of Force

H had sailed from Gibraltar at 1830/26/2/42 and initially sailed west into the Atlantic . The destroyers

screening the Force were ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING,

WHITEHALL and WISHART. (Operation SPOTTER was the delivery of Spitfire aircraft to Malta)

28th Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar .

6th Covered for repeat Malta aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with same ships

(Operation SPOTTER II). This operation delivered 15 Spitfires to Malta the first Spitfires to reach

21st Covered aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with HMS HERMIONE and Fleet

destroyers of Force H (Operation PICKET I). Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long

range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar.

27th Repeated aircraft delivery with same ships (Operation PICKET II). 16 Spitfires delivered.

30th Returned to Gibraltar .

Nominated for detached service in support of planned landings in Madagascar

1st Sailed from Gibraltar with HMS Cruiser HERMIONE, screened by HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING and DUNCAN.

6th Arrived at Freetown a few hours behind convoy WS17.

9th Sailed from Freetown in company with HMS HERMIONE, and HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY,

INCONSTANT, JAVELIN, LAFOREY, LOOKOUT, LIGHTNING, PACKENHAM as Ocean Escort for

military Convoy WS17A during passage to Capetown. At Freetown, convoy WS 17 had split into two,

WS17A and WS17B, which sailed on 11/4/42).

18th Off Capetown detached from WS17A and put into Capetown. She was ordered to return to Freetown .

Then took return passage to rejoin Force H at Gibraltar

Passage to Gibraltar and rejoined Force H on arrival.

Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H

11th Sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force W for escort of Malta relief convoy GM4 as far as Skerki Channel

in company with HMS EAGLE, HMS ARGUS, HM Cruisers KENYA, LIVERPOOL and CHARYBDIS,

screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, ICARUS, ONSLOW, ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WESTCOTT,

(This was Operation HARPOON - For details see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by Corelli

Barnett, THE BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN by D. MacIntyre and Naval Staff History.)

(Note: This convoy had been designated WS19Z during passage to Gibraltar from UK.)

12th At 0800 hours to the east of Force W took up their covering position for the passage of convoy

GM4. The close escort of the convoy was provided by Force X.

14th At 1030 hours, south of Sardinia the convoy came under air attack from Italian CR42 fighter bombers,

which concentrated on ARGUS, and later by a combination of SM79 torpedo bombers and Z1007 high

level bombers. In this attack LIVERPOOL was torpedoed and taken under tow by ANTELOPE escorted

At 1820 hours the convoy came under attack from JU88 s. In this attack ARGUS was near missed by a

bomb exploding near her bow.

At 2000 hours, the convoy came under a combined attack from German and Italian aircraft.

At 2130 hours, Force W detached from GM4 at entrance to Sicilian Narrows and returned westwards to

await return of the close escort, after the arrival of the convoy in Malta.

16th Detached from Force W with HMS ARGUS, HM Destroyers ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WISHART and

(Note: This was due to late departure from Malta of the close escort).

17th Arrived at Gibraltar with detached ships of Force W.

24th Sailed from Gibraltar screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART to R/V with

military convoy WS20, and provide cover during Atlantic passage from Clyde to Freetown.

26th At 0800 hours 120 miles east of Sao Miguel with ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART, joined HM

Destroyers BEAGLE, ST ALBANS , VIDETTE and WOLVERINE escorting convoy WS20, to provide

Shortly after joining, ANTELOPE, BEAGLE, VIDETTE, WISHART and WOLVERINE detached,

escorting troopship SS NARKUNDA for Gibraltar.

Later ST ALBANS detached to join convoy SL 113.

In the evening HM Destroyers BLACKMORE and BRILLIANT from Freetown, joined convoy WS20.

27th At 1215 hours 240 miles west of Madeira, a lookout on the Commodore s ship, SS STRATHEDEN,

sighted two vessels at extreme visibility. MALAYA launched her two Walrus aircraft and

BRILLIANT detached to investigate, but nothing was found.

28th At 0600 hours 180 miles west of the Canaries, Destroyer VIMY from Freetown joined convoy WS20.

1st At 0800 hours south of the Cape Verde Islands, HM Destroyers BOREAS, VELOX and WIVERN from

Freetown joined convoy WS20.

2nd At 1200 hours convoy WS20 and escort arrived at Freetown.

6th At 1100 hours convoy WS20 commenced to depart from Freetown escorted by HM Destroyers

BLACKMORE, BOREAS, BRILLIANT, VELOX and WIVERN. MALAYA sailed as Ocean Escort.

7th AT 1200 hours, BLACKMORE escorting the SS BATORY, detached from WS20 for Takoradi.

Later BLACKMORE re-joined, and BOREAS and VELOX detached for Freetown.

17th At 0800 hours 95 miles north west of Cape Columbine, HM Cruiser SHROPSHIRE joined WS 20 from

Simonstown and MALAYA escorted by BLACKMORE detached from WS20 with 11 mercantiles from

the convoy destined for Capetown into harbour.

Took passage to Gibraltar to rejoin Force H

August Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H.

Nominated for return to UK for refit.

September Passage to UK escorted by HM Destroyer LOOKOUT.

Under refit at HM Dockyard Rosyth.

Aircraft facilities removed and additional two 4in mountings fitted abreast

the catapult position (P & S). Surface warning radar Type 273 fitted.

(Note: Close range AA armament increased by addition of two multiple

pom pom guns on sponsons aft and two more 20mm Oerlikon guns.

January Worked up for service with Home Fleet. Two more 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

(At the end of January Admiral Donitz was appointed CinC of the German Navy. The change of CinC led

the Admiralty to prepare against the possibility of a more active policy by German surface ships to back

up the U-boat campaign. Therefore it was decided that MALAYA should be retained in the Atlantic

instead of being deployed to join the Eastern Fleet.)

February Deployed with Home Fleet for convoy defence in NW Approaches.

25th At 0300 hours sailed from the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers QUEENBOROUGH and QUAIL to join

joint military convoy WS27/KMF10A as ocean escort. (WS27 was destined for the Middle East and

Convoy KMF10A for North Africa).

At 1000 hours the Clyde and Liverpool (escorted by HM Destroyer RAIDER) sections of the convoy

formed up 6 miles west of Orsay. There the convoy was joined by the ocean escort and the 44th EG of

EGRET, ERNE, FISHGUARD, CLARE and WOLVERINE from Londonderry .

1st At 1100 hours 70 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE detached for

At 1800 hours QUADRANT joined the escort.

2nd At 1100 hours 200 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, the convoy split. KMF10A detached for passage

into the Mediterranean. Remained with WS27 in company with QUADRANT, QUAIL and RAIDER.

3rd At 0800 hours 80 miles west of Cape Ghir, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE rejoined.

5th At 1800 hours off Dakar, QUAIL, escorting SS ALMANZORA, detached for Dakar .

6th QUAIL, after escorting SS ALMANZORA rejoined WS27.

8th At 0930 hours MALAYA , as ocean escort, led WS27 into Freetown .

Passage from Freetown to rejoin Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.

26th Arrived at Scapa Flow and resumed Home Fleet service.

May to June Deployment at Scapa Flow in continuation.

7th Deployed with HM Battleship ANSON, US Navy battleships USS ALABAMA and USS SOUTH

DAKOTA, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and seven cruisers screened by eight RN and five USN

destroyers for diversionary operation off Norwegian coast.

(Operation CAMERA Convoy of miscellaneous ships was deployed to represent a possible assault

force on passage to Norway during the planned landings in Sicily.)

9th On completion of simulated approaches to coast. took passage to return to Scapa Flow.

27th Deployed with HMS ANSON, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and UNICORN during air

operations as part of further diversionary operation off Norway.

29th Return passage to Scapa Flow .

(Note: Neither diversionary operation met concentrated air attacks since German aircraft based in

Norway had been used to reinforce defence against allied operations in the Mediterranean.)

August Paid off into Reserve at Faslane because of machinery state which limited

capability for Fleet operations.

September Reducing to Reserve status

Under refit, with 6in armament removed and 20 additional 20mm Oerlikons fitted.

Held in Reserve at Faslane on completion.

January Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

February Nominated for bombardment duty in support of operations in NW Europe.

Damaged whilst in use as target for 'bouncing bomb' trial in Loch Long.

Under refit. Radar Type 281 replaced by single aerial variant Type 281B.

Radar Type 273 replaced by modern Type 277, AA armament again increased by eight 20mm Oerlikon

guns to a total of 45. Radio Jamming equipment fitted as protection from attack by glider bombs which

had wireless guidance control.

22nd Re-commissioned for bombardment duty.

Took passage to Portsmouth

July Held in Reserve at Portsmouth for replacement of bombardment ship.

August Remained at Portsmouth.

1st Bombarded positions on Ile de Cezembre, off St. Malo.

Returned to Portsmouth on release from bombardment duties.

October Paid off into Reserve at Faslane.

January to April Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

May Nominated for duty as an accommodation and training ship.

15th Commissioned as HMS VERNON II at Portsmouth for Torpedo School duties.

(Note: Main armament and secondary armament with close range weapons

had been removed prior to this duty.)

June to August Duty as HMS VERNON II

HMS MALAYA was placed on the Disposal List in 1947 and sold to BISCO on 20th February 1948 . The ship arrived at Faslane in tow on 12th April that year to be broken up by Metal Industries.

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS MALAYA

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above


Destroyers

Destroyers were the lightest warships to fight at Jutland. Versatile light warships, they were used for patrolling and raiding, as well as to screen battle fleets during major actions. Destroyers were the fastest class of warship, but were unarmoured and vulnerable to gun fire. Though carrying only small guns, their armament included torpedoes that could cripple or even sink big ships. Seventy-nine British destroyers took part in the Battle of Jutland and eight were sunk. From four of the sunken destroyers, 173 British sailors were rescued by the German navy and taken prisoner.

This is a model of the destroyer HMS Haj.

At Jutland, Haj was part of the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron, a force of three battlecruisers, the light cruisers Chester og Canterbury, and three other destroyers. Under slaget, Haj became entangled in a close-range and chaotic fight between British and German. Haj was hit repeatedly. One shell destroyed the ship's bridge and steering gear and another disabled the ship's engines, leaving the ship adrift.

Two of Haj's guns were knocked out, their crews killed. Leaving the shattered bridge, Haj's wounded captain, Commander Loftus Jones, helped man the only remaining gun. Firing on nearby German ships, Jones and his men hit the German destroyer V48, disabling the ship. As German destroyers closed in, Jones ordered his men to don lifebelts. Hit by a torpedo, Haj sank. Thirty of Shark's crew were able to board rafts, but many died of wounds or exposure, including Jones. Only six survived to be rescued by a neutral Danish steamer late at night.

Commander Jones' body washed ashore in Sweden a few days later. In 1917, in recognition of his leadership, Jones was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross


HMS Malaya

Indlæg af Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 17:11

Quick question, what spotter planes was HMS Malaya carrying around March 1941? (The aircraft that spotted Scharnhorst & Gneisenau)

Re: HMS Malaya

Indlæg af mescal » 20 Apr 2009, 18:37

It was a Swordfish floatplane.

Re: HMS Malaya

Indlæg af Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 20:36

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

Re: HMS Malaya

Indlæg af Andy H. » 23 Apr 2009, 00:33

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

The Fairey Swordfish was flown by Lt G R Brown (Pilot), Sub-Lt R G Drake (Observer) and R H George (Gunner).

After spotting the German ships and seeing them safely off, the convoy that the Malaya was protecting was attacked by several U Boats, and she was hit by 2 torps. The ship did not sink and made its way to NY. However the ship was unable to rcover its Swordfish so Brown ditched the plane. His SOS was picked up in Spain and he and his crew were picked up Cabo de Buena Esperanza. The Capt also salvaged the plane(!).

Source: The Swordfish Story by Ray Stutivant and published by Cassell 2000


HMS Malaya - History

When I was a small kid, I always playing with my friends near a jungle behind my house in Kota Bharu. I remember seeing some twisted metal with rivets on the ground. After many years I returned to the scene and was told by the old villagers nearby that the metal was a plane falling from the sky in Japanese occupation period. Then they told me there was another plane falling in flames and crashed near Kelantan river but I was told it was happened a few years after the war started. I felt so confused because most of the air battle of World War 2 In Malaya was fought only at the beginning of the. I drove to the village they mentioned and managed to find a witness (a Tok Imam), who confirmed that a few years after the war started, one day there was a Japanese twin engines plane falling from the sky trailing flames and black smokes. The pilot tried to ditch on Kelantan River but he hit a coconut tree and the plane exploded. The Japanese soldiers then came and took the bodies of two aircrews and cleared the wreckages.

I started to do my research on the air war at the latter (later) part of World War 2 in Malaya and find out that I totally missed out &lsquoThe Forgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo.

After the beginning of the World War 2 in December 1941, The Japanese fought the Allied from Malaya to Singapore with fighter and bomber like Oscar, Zero, Tojo, Betty, Nell, Sonia and the greatest success was the sinking of HMS Prince Of Wales and HMS Repulse in Kuantan water solely with the use of airpower on 10 Dec 1941. After the Japanese wining the air superiority in Malaya, they were flying at will to attack any target in Malaya and Singapore. The pilots and aircrews were best trained and they even created a &lsquobomber alley&rsquo between Singapore to Sumatra to sink many ships, which evacuated the refugees from Singapore.

The air activities slowed down after Singapore surrendered. The routine air activities were limited to patrolling and others minor air operations. The Strait of Malacca was actually a graveyard for Allied submarines because their air-search radar was blocked by the hills of Sumatra and Titiwangsa range. In one patrol, the USS Grenadier was badly damaged by few Japanese planes and the submarine have to be scuttled and the crews were taken Prisoner OF War in Light Street Convent, Penang.

I met up with some great local historians like Mr. Sager and Mr. Ahamd Shaharom and we worked to put back some missing puzzle of our Malaya history. Then I found out that even the famous Boeing B-29 bomber had come to bomb some targets in Malaya (including Singapore) in 1944 and 1945.

In 1998, an American visited Malaysia with his father diary and he contacted one of our team members Mr Sager Ahmad and told that his father bailed out from a B-29 bomber in Negeri Sembilan during World War 2. Mr. Sager met the son of the aircrew from the famous B-29 bomber &lsquoPostville Express&rsquo which crashed in Rembau and they visited the crash site together. Mr.Shaharom later took some pictures to put it in our website, Malaya Historical Group (MHG).

The mission which B-29 bombers carried out in Malaya and Singapore are as follows:

Other Aerial Missions
Beside the B-29 air war, most of the aircraft flew into Malaya were on secret agent dropping or clandestine mission,air-drop Force 136 commandos into the jungle of Malaya to pave the way for an effective guerilla counter-attack on the Japanese occupying forces and also on aerial recon&rsquos missions. The aircraft used were B-24 Liberator or PB4Y Privateer becayse of their long-range capability. One known RCAF B-24 with &lsquoSNAKE&rsquo word stenciled on its fuselage crashed in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan after dropping agent -one Tuan Pena. (Tan Sri Sir Claude Harry Fenner, a member of Force 136, who later became the country's first Inspector-General of Police.) Another B-24 was shot down by Japanese fighters from Alor Setar and crashed near Siam border while on a clandestine mission. Villagers and guerillas rescued the survivors and some brave Thai pilots smuggled them to Allied hands using Japanese bombers! Another B-24 bomber, which was on a supply-dropping mission, was lost near Kuala Nerang, Kedah. In June 1945, two PB4Y flew to Singapore on recon mission and were fired on by anti-aircraft fire and nearly a dozen of Japanese fighters. One fighter managed to score a hit on the No 3 engine of one of the PB4Y causing the engine to burst into flames and lose altitude. The PB4Y was forced to ditch on the sea and no news were heard from the crews ever since. Mr. Shaharom managed to find the answer to the twin engines fighter crashed near the Kelantan River, which I mentioned earlier. It was a Ki-46 Dinah fighter, which climbed from Kota Bharu airfield to intercept a PB4Y Privateer, but the Privateer gunners damaged the Dinah and the Japanese pilot headed it back to Kota Bharu and crashed. Few months before the war ended, the British also send out a Grumman Hellcat fighter from a carrier to Kuala Lumpur on a recon mission but the Hellcat was missing 10 miles from Port Klang with the pilot.

End of the War
When the Japanese surrendered, some British B-24 and two-crews mosquito bombers flew over Malaya cities to access the situation and dropping leaflets. One mosquito bomber developed engine problems and force landed on Japanese held Sungai Besi aerodrome. The Japanese soldiers in the aerodrome provided help and supports to the aircrews until another mosquito bomber searching for the missing plane arrived. The four mosquito crews were surprised when the Japanese soldiers in the base tried to surrender themselves to them!

This is the &lsquoForgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo I knew so far. I hope my team members and I can completely putting all the missing puzzles of the Malaya War History so that our younger generations can learn and appreciate the contribution and scarifies of the forgotten warriors, which contribute to the peace and happiness we enjoyed nowadays.


Ki-43 of the 77th Sentai
serving in Malaya


Fighter presented
to children


Malaya children
with Japanese flags


Painting of B-24 attacking Malaya


Se videoen: RN battleship HMS Malaya sails to Germany to enforce peace terms 1920 (November 2021).